Any quantity available for $49.99 per coin over spot!
From 1952 to 2022, Queen Elizabeth II reigned over the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth as Queen of England. Her Majesty’s reign was viewed as the nation’s second Elizabethan Era and saw great change, tumult, and growth in England. No monarch featured o... Read More
As low as $28.99 per coin over spot!
From 1861 until 2002, the Italian lira was the currency of Italy. Introduced in advance of Italy joining the Latin Monetary Union, the lira was a direct continuation of previously issued lira denominations of Italian kingdoms, such as the Sardinian lira, the Lombardy-Venetia pound, Two Sicilies piastra, and the Papal States scudo. Th... Read More
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Any quantity available for $22.99 per coin over spot!
The Austro-Hungarian Empire was one of the greatest empires of the 19th century and encompassed much of central and southern Europe. In 1892, the empire adopted the gold standard and issued the 20 Corona coin for the first time with the bust of its emperor, Franz Joseph I, on the obverse. The 20 Corona Austrian Gold Coin is currently... Read More
As low as $42.69 per coin over spot!
French francs have featured countless different designs during the course of history. The gold coins in this range once bore the portraits of the kings, emperors, and early presidents of France. By the late 19th century, however, a Guardian Angel design had taken over as the primary design for the coins. Right now, 20 Francs Gold Coi... Read More
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Customers: please note that the coin you receive is dependent on our inventory, however each coin will be in VG+ condition and contain ~.1867 troy ounces of pure gold. The history of American coining is rich with impressive coin designs and rare precious metal products, but European mints have been producing gold and silver coins for more than a millennium now. Before there was the Euro (€) to unite the continent’s economy, the Franc serve... Read More
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Any quantity available for $49.29 per coin over spot!
The Swiss franc remains the official currency and legal tender of Switzerland, but the history of the franc denomination in this country includes many changes. Among the most popular gold coins issued in this denomination is the Helvetia design, also known as the Vreneli range. Right now, 20 Francs Gold Coins with the Swiss Helvetia ... Read More
The Royal Mint in London is one of the oldest operation facilities in the world. Minting coins for the United Kingdom for over a thousand years, it is the mint of origin for some of the finest coins still in existence today. For investors and collectors looking for truly unique coins, Great Britain Gold Sovereign Coins are now available through JM Bullion. Coin Highligh... Read More
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As low as $34.99 per coin over spot!
The Austrian schilling was once the official currency of Austria. Introduced in 1925 as a national fiat currency, it was in circulation in various denominations from 1925 to 1938 and the eve of World War II, and again from 1945 to 1999 before the introduction of the Euro. One denomination never issued for circulation was a 1000 Schil... Read More
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The ducat was a popular trade coin used throughout Europe from the late Middle Ages until the start of the 20th century. Among the last ducat coinage struck was that of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the months leading up to the start of World War I. The 1915 4 Ducat Austrian/Dutch Gold Coin is now available to you for purchase online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Coins arrive inside of protective flips! 1915 restrike by the Austri... Read More
Any quantity available for $49.99 per coin over spot!
The Gold Corona was a standard denomination of coinage within the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1892 to 1916. These gold coins came in a variety of denominations, the most popular of which was the famed 20 Corona coin, though a 10 Corona coin was also widely is... Read More
The fifth design in the Lion Dollar program from The Royal Dutch Mint features a restrike of the original 1701 Overijssel coin! Sure to intrigue coin history enthusiasts, these specimens have an impressive .9999 purity level and an extremely limited mintage of just 50 pieces worldwide. Today, 2021 1 oz Royal Dutch Mint Lion Gold Coins are available to you online from JM Bu... Read More
*Please note that these coins are being offered from the year of our choice and as such there are three possible coin designs you will receive. Based on our inventory at the time you place your order, our staff will choose either the Rooster, Helvetia or Napoleon III design. One of the most well-known circulation coins from human history is the Franc. Produced in both S... Read More
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One of the most beautiful French coin designs of the last two-plus centuries is the Marianne-Rooster design from the denominations of the French Franc. The 10 Franc Gold Coin with these visuals was introduced in 1899 and produced only up until the eve of World War I’s outbreak in Europe. Now, 10 Francs France Gold Coins with the Rooster design are available to you for pu... Read More
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Although it wasn’t the most popular denomination among the Franc gold coins, the 10 Francs coin was nonetheless a common denomination of French gold currency during the 19th century. Introduced in 1803 during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte, 10 Francs Gold Coins would go on to feature various rulers of both the French Republic and the French Empire. Today, 10 Francs Gold... Read More
This item is currently out of stock. Please click "In-Stock Alert" below to be added to the in-stock notifications.
One of the most historic coin designs from the Austro-Hungarian Empire was the 10 Francs coin. The coin was issued by the Austrian Mint on behalf of the empire from 1870 to 1892, and took on new life in the 20th century as a gold bullion release from the modern Austrian Mint as an 1892-dated restrike. Now, 10 Francs-4 Florin Austrian Gold Coins are available to you for pur... Read More
In 1892, the Austrian Empire issued a new series of gold coins for sale that featured the likeness of Emperor Franz Joseph. The longest-reigning monarch of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Joseph I ruled the empire until his death in 1916 at the age of 86. The Corona Gold Coins were available through 1912 as a regular issue, but also available from that date on as a commemorative coin too. Right now, 1912 10 Corona Austrian Gold Coin Restrikes are av... Read More
Before Queen Elizabeth II began her reign as Queen of England, Franz Joseph I of Austria vaulted into the history books as one of the longest-reigning monarchs on the European continent. The Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Joseph I enjoyed the third-longest reign in Europe behind Louis XIV of France and Johann II of Liechtenstein. Today, 10 Korona Gold Coins with his likeness on them are available to purchase from JM Bullion. Coin High... Read More
The Austrian Empire was once one of the most powerful empires in European history. Ruling much of southern and central Europe as a multinational empire for more than 100 years, the Austrian Empire was ruled for most of its existence by Franz Joseph I. The Corona Gold Coin of the empire was first issued near the end of his reign and examples of this coin remain today for modern investors and collectors. Right now, 10 Corona Austrian Gold Coins are... Read More
The Ducat has one of the most complex coining histories of any European gold coin. Ducats were once available in silver and gold, with the earliest forms of the currency issued by King Roger II of Sicily in 1140. Widespread acceptance and use of gold ducats was powered by the Dutch from the 16th century onward as the kingdom became a dominant player in global trade. Right ... Read More
The history of the ducat gold coin in Europe dates back to the year 1252 when mints in Florence and Genoa began issuing florins. That denomination was not standardized for weight and fineness at first, but did lead to the introduction of a standardized ducat in 1285 in Venice. Nearly three centuries later, the first Netherlands Ducat denomination was issued. Now, 1 Ducat N... Read More
The Great Britain Gold Sovereign is one of the most significant gold coins ever struck due to its longevity of production and its global recognition. First issued in 1489 during the reign of King Henry VII, the gold sovereign has been struck regularly by the Kings and Queens of England since 1817. The Great Britain Gold ½ Sovereign Coin is currently available to you for purchase online today with JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives insi... Read More
The German Goldmark was a currency used throughout the German Empire from 1873 to 1914 and issued as the official gold legal tender option of the empire. Although the Goldmark was issued by the German Empire during the aforementioned era, there were other German gold coins with a denomination in marks prior to the unification of German states. The 10 Mark Gold Coin is curr... Read More
The Great Britain Gold Sovereign coinage represents the wealth and power of England with designs of the monarch on the obverse throughout any given ruler’s reign. Queen Elizabeth II saw most of her reign go by without the ½ sovereign coin issued. The Great Britain Gold ½ Sovereign Coin of Elizabeth II is currently available to purchase online from JM Bullion. Coin H... Read More
One of the best ways for investors and collectors just getting started buying gold is to purchase previously circulated coinage. European and American gold coins once in circulation as regular currency are still widely available and offer a better price point with pure gold content compared to modern gold bullion coins produced specifically for investment. Right now, 10 Kroner Danish Gold Coins are available to purchase online from JM Bullion. ... Read More
The Great Britain Gold Sovereign is one of the world’s most popular coins. Used widely throughout the British Empire from 1817 until the interwar years between World War I and World War II, the Gold Sovereign may be the best-known variant, but it was not the only option. The 1817 revision of British coinage brought with it new half sovereigns as well. Now, Great Britain ... Read More
The Russian Rouble, or ruble, is one of the oldest national currencies known to the modern world. The Pound sterling of Britain is the only currency used for a longer period of time by one nation. Russian territories have used the Rouble since the 13th century, with the 5 Rouble Gold Coin a popular issue during the days of the Russian Empire. The 5 Rouble Gold Coins available here today originated in Russia and feature designs from the time perio... Read More
One of the more well-known circulation gold coins from continental Europe was the Austrian Schilling. Issued by the Austrian Mint as the national currency from 1925 to 1938 and 1945 to 1999, the Austrian Schilling was finally removed from circulation with the adoption of the Euro. The 25 Schilling Austrian Gold Coin was a popular release that was a... Read More
One of the most beautiful French coin designs of the 19th and 20th centuries was the Marianne Rooster design for the 10 Franc. Introduced by the Third French Republic, these beautiful gold coins were some of the last issued for circulation use in Europe in the Franc denomination. Now, 10 Francs France Gold Coins are available to you for purchase online with NGC certificati... Read More
The 20 Francs Gold Coin has been issued by French mints for more than two centuries now, but the use of the colloquial term “Napoleons” typically applies only to those gold coins struck during the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte. Today, 20 Francs Gold Coins are available to you online from JM Bullion with the image of Napoleon III featured on the obverse. Coin Highlights... Read More
The French Franc currency has a deep history that reaches back to 1360. The former fiat currency of France, the Franc was available from 1360 to 1641 and reintroduced in 1795. Gold Francs debuted in 1803 under the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte, and the 20 Francs Gold Coin was a popular model for various other European nations. Today, 20 Francs Gold Coins from an Austrian rest... Read More
The 20 Francs France Gold coin was one of the most widely circulated denominations on the European continent in the 19th century. Eventually forming the backbone of the Latin Monetary Union, the 20 Francs denomination was introduced by Napoleon Bonaparte during the First French Empire. The coin continued in various designs through the 2nd French Republic following Napoleon's defeat and was even used by the 2nd French Empire when Napoleon III rule... Read More
One of the most widely circulated denominations of the French Franc gold coin was the 20 Franc option. During the era of Napoleon III’s reign in France, the 20 Franc was one of the more heavily used denominations on an everyday basis. This denomination was also emulated beyond France’s borders by other nations and was eventually a core piece of the Latin Monetary Union... Read More
The 20 Francs gold coin was so popular throughout Europe that other nations issued the gold coin with France’s official currency. Belgium was one of many nations that used the Franc as a base face value. King Leopold II of Belgium featured most prominently on the 20 Francs Belgium Gold Coins. The 20 Francs Gold Coins of Belgium are currently available to you right now online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives in protective plasti... Read More
The Dutch guilder gold coin is based upon the 1517 issue of the gulden coinage, which was the Dutch word for golden. The guilder itself was issued from the 17th century through 2002 as the official national currency of the Netherlands, but not all denominations were available for that entire period. The 10 Guilders Gold Coin is currently available to you for online purchase from JM Bullion form the era of Gold Kings coinage. Coin Highlights: ... Read More
One of the more amazing choices for modern-day investors and collectors is a historic French gold coin known as the Marianne Rooster design. Struck by the Paris Mint for the first time in 1899, the coins were not in circulation for long, and today those which remain in BU condition are a true treasure. Today, 20 Francs Gold Coins with the Marianne Rooster design are available to you online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives in prot... Read More
Between 1861 and 2002, the Lira was the official currency of Italy. Lire were also used from 1807-1814 during the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, when the country was united with France under Napoleon Bonaparte. If you have an appreciation for historic gold coins, then you may enjoy this 20 Lire piece featuring the first king of a united Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II. Today, 20 Lire Vittorio Gold Coins are available to you online from JM Bullion. C... Read More
One of the most popular collectible gold coins circulating around Europe in the 20th century was the 20 Francs Gold Coin, which was struck for various nations in the 19th and early 20th century with differing designs. Among those was the 20 Francs Gold Coin struck in Switzerland with the Swiss shield and famed Helvetia design. Right now, 20 Francs Gold Coins are available ... Read More
During the days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, there was a dual currency issued in the lands of Austria and Hungary. Known as the Krone in Austria, these gold coins were also available as the Korona in Hungary. From 1892 to 1916, the Austrian Mint struck a 20 Korona Gold Coin for Hungarian lands that featured a unique depiction of Franz Joseph I. The 20 Korona Gold Coin is currently available to you for purchase online from JM Bullion. Coin H... Read More
The Great Britain Gold Sovereign quickly became one of the most widely circulated gold coins of the 19th century. Based on the historic English sovereign introduced by the Tudor Dynasty in the 15th century, the modern Great Britain Gold Sovereign launched in 1817 following a major recoinage of British gold. Right now, Great Britain 1/2 Gold Sovereign Coins with NGC grades ... Read More
The Guilder was the official national currency of the Netherlands for over 300 years, surviving wartime occupations and countless monarchs before it was abolished with the formation of the European Union and the common currency known as the Euro. Today, 10 Guilders Gold Coins are available to you online from JM Bullion in circulated condition. Coin Highlights: Arrives inside of protective plastic! Gold Guilders struck from 1818-1853 an... Read More
The Dutch guilder was the former fiat currency of the Kingdom of Netherlands and the modern nation of Netherlands. First issued as early as 1517, guilders were widely circulated from the 17th century until 2002 when the nation adopted the Euro currency. Guilders gold coins were issued primarily in the 19th century and early 20th century. Right now, 10 Guilders Gold Coins with the effigy of various Kings of Netherlands are available to purchase on... Read More
Great Britain’s gold sovereign coin is arguably one of the most recognizable coins in the world today. The modern British Sovereign coin can trace its roots to 1489 and the reign of the first Tudor monarch, King Henry VII. The coin remained popular throughout the reign of Henry VII, his son Henry VIII, and the children of Henry VIII. The modern sovereign emerged in 1817 ... Read More
One of the most famous national currencies used in mainland Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries was the German Mark. Used on varying forms of currency from 1871 to 1915, the German Mark was issued as paper money, silver coins, and gold coins. Today 20 Mark Gold Coins from the German Empire are available to you online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives ... Read More
The British Sovereign was one of the most circulated gold coins of the 19th and early-20th centuries. The coins were not only made by the Royal Mint for use in England, but also produced for use in British colonies around the world. Australia was one of the few colonies to strike the designs locally. Australian Gold Sovereigns were released by the Australian branch mints o... Read More
The longest-reigning British monarch before the rise of Elizabeth II was her great-great-grandmother Victoria I. Among the gold coins for sale in the gold sovereign range, those coins with the bust of Victoria I remain today due to the 63 years she ruled and the long period of coining. Today, Great Britain Gold Sovereign Coins are available to you online from JM Bullion. ... Read More
One of the most widely circulated gold coins in 19th and early-20th century Europe, the 20 Francs Gold Coin helped form the foundations of the Latin Monetary Union, a currency collective that is widely regarded as the precursor to the modern Euro currency. One of the many designs to grace the 20 Franc denomination was that of Napoleon III, the one-time President of the 2nd... Read More
The Great Britain Gold Sovereign is one of the most prominent gold coins in the world. Once issued by the Royal Mint as a circulation gold piece with a 20 Shilling face value, the coins made the successful transition to a gold bullion piece in the 20th century and are still issued to this day by the Royal Mint. Right now, Great Britain Gold Sovereign Coins of mixed types a... Read More
Great Britain Gold Sovereign coins have been issued in the modern era since 1817. The Great Recoinage of 1816 resulted in the reintroduction of the gold sovereign coinage for the first time in more than two centuries and the coins remain available from the Royal Mint to investors and collectors today. The Great Britain Gold Sovereign Coin of George is available to you online today from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives inside of protec... Read More
When the ruling monarchs of England celebrate milestone years on the throne, a jubilee event is held. These jubilees have varying names, but few have reached the level of the Golden Jubilee. In 1887, Queen Victoria I celebrated her Golden Jubilee marking 50 years as Queen of England. The Great Britain Gold Sovereigns issued from 1887 to 1893 are known as Jubilee Sovereigns... Read More
Great Britain’s gold sovereign coins originated in 1489 as a commemorative gold piece far too valuable to use in economic trade and commerce. By 1817, the coins had reemerged with a sustainable gold content and face value of 1 Pound Sterling. Today, the coins are largely issued as an investment-grade gold bullion product. Right now, Great Britain Gold Sovereign Coins from the reign of King Edward VII are available to purchase online from JM Bul... Read More
The Great Britain Gold Sovereign is one of the most recognizable coins in the world today. Issued annually since 1817 by Great Britain and bearing the portrait of the reigning monarch with each release, the gold sovereign is a historic coin that is ideal for both collecting and investing. Right now, Great Britain Gold Sovereigns from the reign of Elizabeth II are available... Read More
Gold buyers love a coin with low mintage figures and a unique background story, and the 5 Peso Uruguay Gold Coin delivers on both accounts. Issued only in 1930, the 5 Peso Uruguay Gold Coin was issued to commemorate the centennial of the nation’s constitution and bears the depiction on the obverse of the man considered to be the nation’s founding father. Right now, 5 Peso Uruguay Gold Coins are available to purchase online from JM Bullion. ... Read More
Denmark is one of the few European nations that did not adopt the Euro currency of the European Union’s Eurozone. The Kroner is currently the official currency of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands, and has been Denmark’s primary currency since 1875. Kroner coinage predates the 1875 adoption of the currency though. Right now, 20 Kroner Gold Coins from Denmark are available to purchase online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Ar... Read More
The Swedish Gold Kronor was Sweden’s version of the British Gold Sovereign. However, compared to the widespread Gold Sovereign, the Swedish Kronor was issued for a shorter period of time and geographically limited in its use. Today, remaining specimens from this series are scarce. Now, 20 Kronor Sweden Gold Coins in XF+ condition are available to you for purchase online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Coins arrive inside of plastic fl... Read More
One of the most popular gold coins of the 19th and early 20th centuries was the Gold Franc. Known today as the “Euro before the Euro,” the Gold Franc originated in France and became the backbone of the Latin Monetary Union, earning adoption in nations such as Belgium, Switzerland, and elsewhere. 40 Francs Swiss Gold Coins are currently available from random years right... Read More
This stunning collection of 4 Ducat Gold Coins was produced by both the Royal Dutch Mint and the Austrian Mint in Vienna. Originating in the 12th Century, the Ducat was of the Austrian Empire's primary forms of currency. Mintage of the Ducat ceased in 1915 due to metal shortages brought on by World War I. Each Ducat has been masterfully composed from .44 troy oz of 98.6% p... Read More
The Francs denomination was the Euro currency of its day. Issued in varying denominations on gold coins from France and Switzerland to Italy, Spain, and the Netherlands, the Franc was popular for its standardized weight and metal content, as well as it standing in various nations for use in trade. Today, 50 Francs Gold Coins are available to you online from JM Bullion from random years and countries. Coin Highlights: Available to you insi... Read More
The British Gold Sovereign has long been one of the most recognizable gold coins in the world. Originally issued as the English sovereign in the 15th century, the modern Gold Sovereign was introduced into circulation during the reign of King George III in 1817. Since 1887, a Double Sovereign coin has been available with regularity as well. Right now, Great Britain Gold Dou... Read More
The Austrian Schilling was the official currency of the Republic of Austria and first instituted in the aftermath of World War I and the breakup of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire. Among the first schillings introduced into circulation was the 100 Schilling denomination. The 100 Schilling Austrian Gold Coin is currently available to you for online purchase from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives inside of protective plastic flip! ... Read More
The Francs gold coin was a popular circulation gold coin available across the European continent during the 19th century. The Francs Gold Coin was somewhat of a Euro before the formation of the Eurozone and its common currency. Today, 100 Francs Gold Coins from the French reign of Napoleon III are available to you online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives in... Read More
One of the most popular gold coins of the late 19th century and early 20th century was the French Franc. Offered by the French Empire and the French Republic throughout the 19th century, the Franc was available in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 40, 50 and 100. The 100 Francs French Gold Coin is roughly the size of the $20 Gold Double Eagle from the United States. The 100 Fran... Read More
Please note that most of the 100 Coronas were minted after 1914 as restrikes, and will bear a 1915 date. The restrikes were minted after 1974 and is common for many other world mints during that era. 100 Corona Austrian Gold Coin (Random Year 1908-1914, AU+) will not be restrikes. Restrikes can be purchased here . There's no shortage of popular gold coins out there for investors and collectors to purchase when looking to buy gold. Among the... Read More
The Hungarian korona coinage was often overshadowed by Austrian gold bullion coins because of the nation’s involvement in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Among the rarest gold coins from the Hungarian korona issue was the restrike 1908 Hungary 100 Korona Gold Coin. Today, 1908 Hungary Korona Gold Coins are currently available to you online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives inside of protective plastic! Restrike issue available o... Read More
The largest denomination of French Francs issued in the 19th and early-20th centuries was the 100 Franc coin. The lone figure to feature on these coins was Napoleon III, one-time President of the Second French Republic and the long-time Emperor of the Second French Empire. Right now, 100 Francs France Gold Coins from Napoleon III’s reign are available to purchase from ra... Read More
The sovereign is a gold coin issued by the United Kingdom for standard circulation within the British economy. The traditional British Gold Sovereign is a coin with a nominal face value of One Pound Sterling, but it is also issued in various other weights and face values. The 5 Pound British Gold Sovereign coin is available to you now online from JM Bullion. Coin Highlights: Arrives in protective plastic. Official gold sovereign coin o... Read More
Modern gold bullion coins have been issued as investment-grade pieces since the 1967 release of the South African Gold Krugerrand. However, gold coins have been issued around the world for hundreds or thousands of years in many nations. The United States formerly issued gold coins in circulation for use in commercial transactions, including the famed Eagle collection with the Half Eagle and Double Eagle serving as popular examples.
European gold coins were also issued in varying denominations in countries throughout the continent. Many were used for hundreds of years, with some of those European Gold Coins used across national boundaries and representing currency that some call “the Euro before the Euro.” Below you’ll find a breakdown of the European Gold Coins now available from JM Bullion. These former circulation pieces make a great addition as an investment or collectible piece.
One of the most notable gold coins in European history is the British Gold Sovereign. The modern version of the Gold Sovereign was introduced in 1817 during the reign of King George III. The Recoinage of 1817 brought the Gold Sovereign back after a more than 210-year absence. The coins are based on the original concept of the English sovereign, gold coins that were introduced by the Tudor monarch King Henry VII with effigies of the monarch on the obverse and other symbols on the reverse.
The modern British Gold Sovereign is available as the Sovereign, Half-Sovereign, and Double-Sovereign. The coins were originally intended as circulation pieces, but were largely out of issue as circulation pieces by World War I. After World War II, the coins returned to production, but were now largely available as commemorative and, later, bullion investment coins.
From the introduction of the first Gold Sovereign to the latest issues of the investment-grade coin, the designs have largely remained the same, at least in terms of focus. The reigning monarch of Britain is always featured on the obverse of the coin. Over time, the British monarchs to feature on the coins have been depicted in alternating left- or right-profile relief with or without one of the many British crowns on their head. Monarchs to have appeared on the coins include:
The two most common obverse effigies are those of Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth II. These two influential female monarchs are the longest-reigning British monarchs in the history of the kingdom, with Queen Elizabeth II surpassing the length of her great-grandmother’s reign in 2015 to become the longest-reigning Queen. The effigies of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II consist of five designs in total used from 1953 to the present.
On the reverse of the British Gold Sovereign, you will find one of two possible designs used throughout the program’s history. When the series was introduced in 1817, Benedetto Pistrucci created a vision of St. George slaying the dragon while riding on horseback. This image was used from 1817 to 1837 and has been in use again as of the 1880s. During a portion of Queen Victoria’s reign, the St. George design was replaced with a version of the Royal Arms on the reverse.
Another of the common coins you will find available among European gold coins are those from Austria. Gold coins issued by Austria are some of the most diverse in Europe due to the size and scope of the Austrian Empire, and later the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The third-largest empire in the world at the time, Austria issued gold coins for circulation use in a variety of different denominations.
If there was one common feature of Austrian gold coins of the 19th and early-20th centuries, it was the obverse image of Emperor Franz Joseph I. One of Europe’s longest-reigning monarchs in history, he first ruled as the Emperor of the Austrian Empire, and later served as the Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after its merger with the Kingdom of Hungary. During this period, he held the dual titles of Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary. By and large, Franz Joseph I was depicted in right-profile relief in a bust that captured only his head. He was rarely featured on Austrian coins with a crown on his head, though gold coins issued within Hungary in the empire did feature a full bust of his standing figure with an ornate crown upon his head.
The reverse side of Austrian gold coins varied greatly based on a number of factors that included the denomination and the area of release. Most Austrian gold coins were issued with the coat of arms of the Austro-Hungarian Empire on the reverse. This design borrowed heavily from the House of Habsburg seal, using a crowned double-headed eagle with the national shield on its chest. Other designs, notably the Austrian Schilling, merely featured a face value encircled by a wreath.
Examples of possible denominations in Austrian gold coins include, but are not necessarily limited to, the following:
The French Franc is one of the most deeply rooted European Gold Coins you’ll find available today as investment or collectible purchase options. The first use of the term “franc” to refer to a gold coin originated in France between 1360 and 1380. A silver coin was issued with the “franc” denomination from 1575 to 1641, and eventually became the nation’s official currency from 1795 to 1999.
Most of the French Francs available today come from the 19th century and early 20th century. Beginning in 1803, the French Empire under Napoleon issued gold francs in varying denominations such as 5 Francs, 10 Francs, 20 Francs, and 40 Francs. The most commonly issued coins in this currency were the 20 Francs and 40 Francs denominations. The coins typically featured the portrait of France’s ruling emperor or, during periods of the French Republic, the image of a French president.
Napoleon Bonaparte was the first to appear on these modern European Gold Coins. His nephew Napoleon III appeared on the coinage from 1848 to 1870 first as the president of the French Republic, and later as the emperor during the renewed French Empire in the late 19th century. The reverse of the coins either featured the coat of arms for France or the legend of its face value and year of issue inside of a wreath circle.
In 1865, France founded the Latin Monetary Union and established a common standard for gold content in the Francs used by other nations in Europe. By the late 19th century, many other nations were using the Franc as a name for national currencies. Most notable among them was the Swiss Confederation. Although this union dissolved with the outbreak of World War I in Europe, Switzerland continues the use of the Swiss Franc to this day.
The Swiss Franc was first issued by the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1847, and later by the Swiss Confederation. The Swiss Francs feature the design of Helvetia on the obverse. She is the female personification of Switzerland and is often depicted on European Gold Coins in left-profile relief with her hair down and a small braid of hair across the top of her head. In the background, you’ll notice the towering peaks of the Swiss Alps. The reverse of these Swiss Francs includes the national shield of Switzerland.
The first Dutch gold coin recognized internationally was the Dutch gulden in 1517, but the previous Kingdom of Holland issued gold coins as early as 1378. The Dutch Guilder was the official currency of the Netherlands from the 17th century until 2002 and the adoption of the Euro by the member nations of the Eurozone. Dutch Guilder Gold coins were issued primarily in 10 Guilder and 5 Guilder denominations.
The Dutch Guilder European Gold Coins featured the effigy of the ruling King or Queen of the Netherlands. The most common depictions remaining to this day are those which bear the portrait of Queen Wilhelmina. She was the only child of King William III and her left-profile portrait appeared in various generational designs from 1890 to 1948 when she abdicated the throne as Queen of the Netherlands. The reverse of the coins typically featured the coat of arms for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Dutch Guilder currency was widely used throughout the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and the denomination itself is now only in use in the countries of Curacao and St. Maarten as the Netherlands Antillean Guilder. Both countries are independent nations within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The gold coins of the German Mark were among the shortest-lived European Gold Coins. The German Mark Gold Coin was primarily issued by the German Empire from 1873 to 1914. Prior to the unification of the regions of Germany in 1871, the independent German States that would come to form the German Empire issued various types of coins. Most states used the Vereinsthaler, a silver coin. Southern Germany used a gold coin known as the Gulden and Bremen used a gold coin based upon the Thaler.
German goldmarks, as the coins were known, became the only official legal tender of the German Empire on January 1, 1876. The coins featured the effigy of the ruling emperor of the German Empire on the obverse. On the reverse of the coins, you’ll find the Imperial German Eagle used as the official coat of arms for the German Empire. The outbreak of World War I in 1914 brought an end to the coining of German Mark gold coins. While available from 1873 to 1914, the German Mark Gold Coins were struck in 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, and 20 Mark denominations. The German Mark remained the official currency of the German nation through the Nazi Era and post-World War II West Germany until the introduction of the Euro.
JM Bullion has a variety of European Gold Coins available, both those listed above and other coins from smaller collections such as Russian Gold Roubles (Rubles). Feel free to reach out to JM Bullion with your questions at 800-276-6508, chat with us live online, or simply send us an email.